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Gryllus pennsylvanicus (field cricket)

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Taxonomy

cellular organisms - Eukaryota - Fungi/Metazoa group - Metazoa - Eumetazoa - Bilateria - Coelomata - Protostomia - Panarthropoda - Arthropoda - Mandibulata - Pancrustacea - Hexapoda - Insecta - Dicondylia - Pterygota - Neoptera - Orthopteroidea - Orthoptera - Ensifera - Cucujiformia - Grylloidea - Gryllidae - Gryllinae - Gryllus - Gryllus pennsylvanicus

G. pennsylvanicus belongs to the family Grylllidae (crickets), subfamily Gryllinae (field crickets) and genus Gryllus.

Brief facts

Distribution

Southern Canada, throughout most of United States, and into Mexico; absent from much of Southeast.

Ecology

Found in summer and fall mainly in grassy habitats, where it lives in holes and leaf litter among ground cover and under logs and other objects on the fround. Adults are omnivorous and feed on all kinds of plant and animal matter. Occasionally invade homes and can become a nuisance, chirping underneath appliances and inside walls. Sometimes damage vegetable crops but are also beneficial, consuming the eggs and pupae of pests and scavenging dead insects.

Description

Body length: 5/8-1" (15-25 mm); dark reddish-brown to black; black antennae longer than body; pair of hairy appendages at abdomen tip; female has long, smooth ovipositor between appendages.

Gryllus pennsylvanicus, fall field cricket

Gryllus pennsylvanicus, fall field cricket

Gryllus pennsylvanicus, fall field cricket

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References and other resources

Research
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